Streamlining AVD Environment Automation with Bicep: A Comprehensive Guide


In today’s fast-paced digital landscape, automation plays a pivotal role in enabling organizations to optimize their processes and increase productivity. As businesses embrace virtual desktop infrastructure (VDI) solutions like Azure Virtual Desktop (AVD), automating the setup and management of AVD environments becomes crucial. In this blog post, we will explore how Bicep, a domain-specific language (DSL) for Azure Resource Manager (ARM) templates, can be leveraged to automate AVD environment provisioning and configuration. We will delve into the benefits of using Bicep and provide concrete examples of how it can streamline the AVD automation process.

  1. Understanding Bicep and Its Significance in AVD Automation:

Bicep is an open-source DSL that simplifies the authoring and management of ARM templates, which are used to define and deploy Azure resources. By utilizing Bicep, you can take advantage of its concise syntax, modular structure, and enhanced tooling support. When it comes to AVD environment automation, Bicep can significantly simplify and accelerate the provisioning and configuration process.

  1. Provisioning AVD Environments with Bicep:

Bicep allows you to define AVD resources, such as host pools, virtual machines, storage accounts, and network configurations, in a declarative manner. This means you can describe the desired state of your AVD environment, and Bicep will handle the underlying infrastructure provisioning. With Bicep, you can automate the creation of AVD resources, ensuring consistent and reproducible environments across deployments.

For example, here’s a snippet showcasing how Bicep can define an AVD host pool:

resource avdHostPool 'Microsoft.DesktopVirtualization/hostPools@2021-07-12-preview' = {
name: 'myHostPool'
location: 'eastus'
properties: {
friendlyName: 'My Host Pool'
// Specify additional properties for the host pool
  1. Configuring AVD Environments using Bicep:

Once the AVD environment is provisioned, you can leverage Bicep to automate its configuration. Bicep supports the definition of ARM templates, which can be used to manage AVD session hosts, user assignments, application groups, and other essential components.

For instance, you can define an ARM template using Bicep to configure an application group within an AVD host pool:

resource avdAppGroup 'Microsoft.DesktopVirtualization/applicationGroups@2021-07-12-preview' = {
name: 'myAppGroup'
// Specify additional properties for the application group
  1. Leveraging Data Points for Dynamic AVD Automation:

Bicep allows you to incorporate data points within your ARM templates, enabling dynamic automation based on specific requirements. You can use parameters, variables, and expressions to customize the AVD environment provisioning and configuration process.

For example, you can utilize Bicep to prompt the user for input during deployment, such as the desired number of session hosts, and dynamically adjust the AVD environment accordingly.

  1. Benefits of AVD Automation with Bicep:
  • Consistency and Reproducibility: Bicep ensures that AVD environments are consistently provisioned and configured, eliminating manual errors and ensuring reproducibility across deployments.
  • Time and Cost Savings: Automating AVD environment setup and management with Bicep reduces the time and effort required for manual intervention, leading to significant cost savings in the long run.
  • Scalability and Flexibility: Bicep allows you to scale AVD environments effortlessly, accommodating changing demands and business requirements through automation.

Contact us at [email protected] today at to learn more about how we can help you to automate things in azure using Bicep, Terraform and ARM templates.